Euterpe, the Greek muse of song and music, certainly inspired the artists of Cybis at various times during the past decades (her compatriot Terpsichore is reflected in their ballet sculptures.) Their first two such studies both appeared in 1967 but reflect very different musical genres.
This evocative study of Arturo Toscanini’s hands was originally titled The Symphony of a Conductor’s Hands and appears captioned as such in the 1968 Cybis catalog. This piece was issued in commemoration of Toscanini’s 100th birthday anniversary in March 1967. The great conductor died in January 1957; Boleslaw Cybis would pass away later that same year. The sculpture name was later altered to Conductor’s Hands ‘The Maestro’. (Most collectors simply refer to it as the Conductor’s Hands.) It was a limited edition of 250 and is 11.5” high including the wood base. Produced only in this white bisque colorway, the edition was completed in 1970 and ranged in price from $250 to $275 over than timespan.
Also issued in 1967 was the Folk Singer, a character remembered by all Baby Boomers even if we didn’t happen to have been one ourselves! He is 13” high and was a declared edition of 500 which was reduced to only 283 before closing in 1974. During its production run the price went from $300 to $650 which makes one wonder if there were production problems with this sculpture.
There also appear to have been two different colorways: one with blue pants and another with pants of a golden yellow.
Three non-limited edition female musicians were introduced in 1985 at $425 each. By 1993 their prices had been increased to $650. The names given below are exactly how they were titled.
Vanessa, Violinist is 8” high.
Felicia, Flutist (or “flautist”, in non-USA usage) is 9.25” high.
Two views of Marguerite, Mandolin who is 7” high.
Cybis represented characters from three different operas (Il Pagliaccio, Madame Butterfly, and Carmen) during the 1980s.
The first was Harlequin, from Il Pagliaccio, who is 15.5” high. Originally introduced as an edition of 500 in 1980 at $1575, it was reduced to only 250 the following year, and sold for $1875 at closing in 1983.
Because of his costume Harlequin is sometimes confused with the Court Jester. This photo shows the two sculptures together for comparison, with the Court Jester on the right. (Details about the Jester and his copycat clone can be found here.)
Harlequin was followed by Columbine from the same opera in 1981. She is 15” high and was introduced as an issue of 250, to correspond with Harlequin. In 1982 her price was $2250 and she too was closed in 1983.
A few years later Cybis introduced Madame Butterfly in 1984 at $2875; she sold for $3495 by 1988. On their 1993 price list she has been further increased, to $4875. This is one of those sculptures whose 1990s price increases defy any logic or reason: $4975 in 1995, and then $6500 in 1999 and afterward. Yet supposedly her original declared edition size was “never reduced” from 500, despite the studio no longer being in fulltime production after 1990. (I have not yet seen any of these for sale with a sculpture number higher than the 200s.) Madame Butterfly’s parasol has a bad reputation for coming unglued and as a result pieces are sometimes seen with it having been reattached in a different position or even missing altogether. The Cybis advertisement shows the original correct position of the parasol; she is 13.5” high with her parasol in the proper place.
Carmen appeared in 1986 as a declared edition of 500 which (like Madame Butterfly) was probably never completed. In 1988 she sold for $1975 but the edition was closed before 1993. (Note: The detail photograph is of a Carmen who is missing her decorative hair-comb.) She is 14.5” high and is sometimes confused by online sellers sellers with Kitri which is a costumed ballerina sculpture from Don Quixote. Kitri can be seen in the Ballerinas post.
The final Cybis opera sculpture was Pagliacci, an open edition introduced in Spring 1985 at $325 and designed by William Pae. Pagliacci is 10.5” high, and because of his costume he is sometimes mistakenly assumed to have been one of the Circus pieces. Although he was officially retired in late 1985, the studio ‘resurrected’ him in the early 2000s from unsold back-stock and listed him on the website for $450.
The Musical Animals
In the mid-1980s Cybis began a series of musical animals consisting of a rabbit, mouse, dog, and cat that they dubbed the “Musical Menagerie Quartet”.
The first was Mick the Melodious Mutt in 1986 at $175. He is between 6.25” and 6.5” high (sources seem to differ on his exact height.) Mick was designed by Susan Eaton.
Huey the Harmonious Hare also dates from 1986. Huey is six inches tall and was designed by Steve Zuczek.
The following year (1987) saw two new band members. Here is Merve the Musical Mouse who is 4.5” high who is 4.5” high, designed by Steve Zuczek. His issue price is unknown.
Cal the Musical Cat, also by Steve Zuczek, appeared in 1987 (at $250) and is 6.5” high. Apparently the Cybis marketing department’s alliteration well ran dry at this point, because I certainly can think of a couple of alternative name suggestions for him. “Cal the Concertina Cat” would have worked splendidly!
A Summer 1986 mini-brochure identifies Mick and Huey as members of the Musical Menagerie Quartet even though the other two figures had not yet made their retail appearance. The quartet was always assigned to the Animal Kingdom Collection, although Merve seems to have departed very quickly: A February 1988 price list does not include him, although Mick, Huey and Cal are still there. Perhaps Merve left to pursue a solo career, muttering under his breath that “mice don’t get no respect”, a la Rodney Dangerfield! However, like so many supposedly-permanently-retired Cybis pieces, Merve was resurrected a few years later and brought back into the group; he resides there from 1993 onward (and possibly even earlier, but I have a frustrating gap in my price-list collection between 1989 and 1993.)
BoBo the Musical Bear was a victim of the studio’s rampant Collection-hopping (which I rant about in this post). He was introduced in Spring 1987 as an open-edition piece within the Circus Collection and he certainly does look the part. However, in the winter of that year he was removed from Circus and placed into Animal Kingdom & Woodland, where he appears on a February 1988 price list, probably as a replacement for the missing Merve the Mouse. BoBo seems an odd fit for Quartet because his appearance doesn’t match the other members’ street-busker attire style. Despite this quibble, he remained in the Animal/Woodland Collection (and later, in the 1990s, its sub-category ‘Musical Menagerie’) on all the Cybis price lists that I have, and never appeared in the Circus category again. Based on his original ‘assignment’, BoBo was a Circus piece but based on ‘tenure’ (more than a decade, versus the scant six months he spent as a circus performer!) he is a Musical Menagerie animal sculpture.
I would be remiss if I did not also mention the pieces that, in a way, were the very first musical-themed pieces by the Cybis studio: a set of angels made by Marja Cybis in papka during the 1940s. I suppose most would consider them to be part of the religious or angel genre rather than musical, but they are so unusual that they have been given their own separate post, the Angelic Orchestra. The angel musicians play a violin, mandolin, French horn, cello, and guitar and there is also a lyricist.
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