No, I’m really not pairing the chorus of Eminem’s The Real Slim Shady with a Cybis sculpture… even though there certainly were sufficient iterations to warrant it! Although the studio was never shy about borrowing pieces from one sculpture to help create another (see Body Snatching), this particular madonna bust not only kept popping up in one size/form or another but under different names as well. Her “genealogy” is guaranteed to keep confusing ebay sellers and buyers for many years to come – unless, of course, they read this!
Version #1: Cordey/Cybis, Name Unknown
I am following a pure hunch and slotting this bust as the first in this design line. Unfortunately there was only this one photo from a very old ebay listing but it’s the listing description that makes it the possible “first.” The seller described it as “vintage 7 ½” Cybis signed porcelain madonna, made by Cordey China Co” which suggests to me that it was either marked Cordey or was marked both Cordey AND Cybis. If she is marked Cordey she’d be one of only two Cordey-marked religious pieces that I have seen so far. I have no idea whether this piece was given a retail ‘name’, in either case. It’s also the only item cast from this mold that I’ve seen wearing a halo.
Production years: possibly 1940s, definitely 1950s
Cybis design number: unknown
Overall height: 7.5” which I assume includes the rather large halo; probably 5.5″ for the bust alone
Version #2: Cybis ‘Mother Most Admirable’
This and all later iterations are marked Cybis. She has now acquired a retail name (apparently Mother Most Admirable) and also a porcelain base. She – meaning the bust portion only – may be a bit smaller than Version #1, depending on whether the added height from #1’s halo is close to the height of #2’s base section. The second picture shows three of the bisque (matte) finish colorways; it was also produced in a glazed finish and several of those are shown in the 1950s Madonnas post.
Production years: 1950s only
Cybis design number: 2020
Overall height: 8” including base; bust section is 5.5” high
Distinguishing characteristics: Incorporates a porcelain base section; some are bisque, some are glazed.
Like almost all of the Cybis studio’s 1950s items this was not an original design; the mold was produced by the Holland Mold Company.
This is the actual mold as sold by Holland. As discussed in When Is a Cybis Not a Cybis, it is common to find hobbyist examples of the same molds Cybis bought from them, and even some that were used by other ceramics companies. However, I have never seen a hobbyist or alternate-company example of this particular mold. Could they have produced it on commission for Cybis, to be sold only to them? It’s possible.
Version #3: original size Queen of Angels
Queen of Angels first appeared in the 1950s and was offered in plain white bisque and in color. The bust-only height is 6.75”, and with the addition of the wood base her overall height becomes approximately 11”. The color version was retired in 1970 but the white one continued to be offered indefinitely. Is this an upsized version of Version #2, or did Holland sell this mold in two sizes (Small and Large)?
Production years: white bisque 1950s-1970; color 1950s onward
Cybis design number: 2093
Overall height: 11” including base; bust section is 6.75” high
Distinguishing characteristics: Wears a crown of roses; shirt front below collar is plain; mounted onto a 4” high wood base via a toggle bolt
Version #4: original Madonna Angelica
The typical confusion of this piece, Madonna Angelica, with the Queen of Angels begins here. She was introduced in 1981 in a color version only and never came with a base. At 5.5” high she is smaller than the Queen of Angels (which was still being sold in the white colorway) which might lead one to think that she was cast from the same mold as the 1950s pieces. This photo appears in their 1982 catalog and gives her height as 5.5” in the caption and index.
Production years: 1981 – 1983 or 1984 probably
Cybis design number: 2059
Overall height: 5.5” high
Distinguishing characteristics: Wears a crown of roses; shirt front below collar has a lacy surface; no base
Version #5: upsized Madonna Angelica
For some reason the studio decided to upsize their Madonna Angelica bust to ‘match’ that of the Queen of Angels. The 1986 Cybis catalog shows her as being 6.75” (still without a base, of course) as the photo caption. Their 1988 price list – unfortunately I don’t have any price lists between late 1982 and early 1988 – shows her offered in color and now also white bisque for $80 less. However, I have never seen a white bisque Angelica. Her design number has also been changed. This 6.75” – 7” size is the one commonly seen for sale on ebay which supports the theory that the smaller Version #4 was produced for only a couple of years.
Here is the 6.75″ Angelica next to a Mother Most Admirable whose base section has been cropped out of the photo to better illustrate the similarities and differences.
Here is the same Angelica next to an original Queen of Angels.
From left to right: original Queen of Angels, 6.75″ Madonna Angelica, and Mother Most Admirable.
Sometimes this size Angelica is seen with her dress front in pale pink lace, as in the example above, rather than white. This may have been meant to coordinate with the somewhat darker and more solid pink roses in her crown.
Production years: 1988 onward
Cybis design numbers: 10059 for color; 20059 for white bisque
Overall height: 6.75” high
Distinguishing characteristics: Color version is indistinguishable from the first Angelica except for height.
Version #6: upsized white bisque Queen of Angels
At the same time that Cybis tweaked their offerings of Madonna Angelica they also made some changes to their longstanding white bisque Queen of Angels. This may have taken place in 1987 but was definitely part of the line in 1988. The price list from that year also shows design number changes to this piece reflecting the larger size. The bust mold is now significantly upsized to 11” tall … almost double what it had been for decades… and for the first time this piece was offered both with or without a base. (The rationale for this totally escapes me.) However, this base is half the height of the one the original Queen of Angels sits upon: it is only two inches. Thus we now have an 11” high Queen of Angels without a base and a 13” high Queen of Angels on a base. These bases are the composite material (not real wood) that Cybis switched to using during the 1980s.
The photos above are the ones that appeared on the Cybis web site during the 2000s associated with their Queen of Angels listing. I have not yet seen any of these larger versions come up for sale.
Production years: 1988 onward
Cybis design numbers: 13093 for the on-base version; 23093 for the no-base version
Overall height: 11” high without base; 13” high on base
Distinguishing characteristics: bust mold is 4.25” taller than the original Queen of Angels; base is only 2” high rather than 4” high as in the original.
Possible Version #7: ‘jumbo’ Madonna Angelica
This version is an “internet unicorn”, i.e., known only from two old online seller listings that cited its height at 8”. If it were only one instance we could put it down to a typo (8 instead of 7, for the 6.75” Angelica) but these were from two different sellers, so what are the odds? The latest Cybis price list I have is from 1999 which is the one they translated directly to their web site in the early 2000s, although the site had more than its share of errors and so it was wise not to take what was there as gospel. So there may be a few 8” high Madonna Angelica floating around; if anyone happens to have one, please take a photo (preferably next to a vertically placed ruler) so that we can confirm the capture of that particular “unicorn!”
Production years: unknown but possibly 2000s
Cybis design number: unknown
Overall height: supposedly 8”
Distinguishing characteristics: assume identical to the previous two Angelica versions except for the height
Diagnostic List for the Queen of Angels family
Because we have at least six (possibly seven) versions of this particular madonna, spanning at least five decades, it is helpful to have a way to determine exactly which piece one has by using this list of characteristics.
** Sculptures that do not wear a crown of roses are definitely from the 1950s, either Version #1 or Version #2. However, I do not entirely discount the possibility that the studio may have experimented with adding a crown of roses to a few of these, because several of their other 1950s madonna pieces wear such crowns. Should you find one of these that has a porcelain base as well as wearing a crown of roses, she is from the 1950s – especially if she is glazed. This may never have happened but I am mentioning it for completeness.
** Sculptures that have a crown of roses and a plain shirt front beneath her round collar are one of the Queen of Angels versions:
– If the porcelain bust (only) is 6.75” and she is attached to a 4” – 4.25” high wood base, she is the first Queen of Angels . If in color, she was made before 1971. If plain white, she was made before 1988.
– If the porcelain bust is 6.75″ and is not attached to a base, she is the same first-version Queen of Angels but she has been removed from her orginal base. This is possible because the attachment is only via a toggle bolt. In this case the determining identity factor is the plain shirt front.
– If the porcelain bust (only) is 11” high, and is all white, she is the upsized Queen of Angels from the late 1980s onward. Some are on a 2” high black base but some are not; it was the buyer’s choice.
** Sculptures that have a crown of roses and a lace pattern shirt front are one of the Madonna Angelica versions. These will never be attached to a base.
– If she is 5.5” high she is the first Madonna Angelica, from 1981 to possibly 1983 or 1984. These were only made in color.
– If she is 6.75” high she is the second Angelica that was made from 1985 or 1986 onward. These can be either color or plain white (never seen one of those but would like a photo).
– If she is 8” high she is the mysterious third (jumbo) Angelica (photo please!)
So there we have it: One Holland Mold Company item that managed to survive in one form or another for the entire production history of the Cybis studio, from the early 1950s onward. That’s a pretty impressive accomplishment when one thinks about it. What puzzles me is that although I’ve seen plenty of hobby and other-manufacturer examples of the same Holland molds that the Cybis studio bought during the 1950s, I’ve never seen any of this particular one made by anyone else. Did Cybis commission it (but if so, where did the mold for sale on ebay come from)? Or did they immediately buy the rights to this mold from Holland Mold Company? It would be interesting to one day find a non-Cybis example of this madonna bust but that has not happened yet!
(Portions of this post’s content originally appeared in a different form in my Madonnas After 1960 post but have been moved here for clarity. Also, many thanks to my friend Don for taking the size-comparison photos!)
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